System History

- Trial of law extracted from the world history textbook -

2014.11-2015.3 Iwao Otsuka

Sixth Edition

table of contents
(1) the current challenges
(2) law extraction procedure - indexing of the "history part"
(3) prerequisite knowledge necessary to carry out the extraction work
(4) extraction work
(4.1) paraphrase work
(4.2) Organize point
(5) the extracted history parts
(5.1) The Rise and Fall of the root of the force, course
(5.2) cultural development of the route, course
(5.3.1) the law of progress
(5.3.2) the law of recession

(1) the current challenges

In the current state of Japan, world history (and Japanese history) it is, generally, remains systematic history law has not been revealed, has been taught in the classroom, such as high school, become a mechanical memorization of the cavalcade of proper nouns It is tight.

Therefore, the common law that is the foundation of a large amount of history historical fact to be taught, to present to the students to organize the route in advance, also the first scholar, to be able to immediately grasp the history of the essence. History historical fact, common of course, is to be able to grasp while tracing the route, a historical fact, make it easier to organize among the head.

History, which leads to the way of life of each and every of the modern real-time, so to speak, as a law of life, so learn the history.

(2) law extraction procedure - indexing of the "history part"

First, to complete a small pamphlet of description that bird's-eye view of the whole roughly. Quote by generalizing the history historical fact in cherry-pick the form.

Then, by generalizing the description of the textbook, to organize the description, aggregating to mind map or the like.

In the end, history, regarded as a collection of common standardized parts, parts = "history part". As a "historical part", block parts, as a combination of micro-parts, to represent the history.

Course to follow, typical of the route, the visualization, to enable it to combine the "history part".

(3) prerequisite knowledge necessary to carry out the extraction work

- rough, do not enter the unimportant details, (a suitable high school world history textbook level) world history of knowledge

- psychology, sociology basic knowledge of the (so-called Behavioral Science) (understanding is prerequisite for the human individual and social mechanisms)

· Business Administration of basic knowledge (national, understanding of the ethnic management is prerequisite. Corporate management and a common point often.) National Business Administration, assumes the development of ethnic Business Administration

- geopolitical, basic knowledge of military science (history, including or attack, because it is a repetition of or destroyed. As of the takeover company, attacks on the unarmed, the annihilate.)

(4) extraction work

(4.1) paraphrase work

In other words the textbook language of proper names on parade, more generally, to the universal content. Extinguish the proper noun.

Generalization, from the universality of the textbook content, to extract common of course, the root.


Paraphrase side of the textbook language (content generalization of the approach)

Extraction of the general rule that does not depend on age

Apparent by the generalization of historical fact the "History repeats itself."

□ paraphrase before → after restatement

(Senior, intermediate, junior, strength, multiplies and human rights presence or absence, the concept etc.)

- Empire → State

- before the Empire → previous national

And ethnic → own ethnic, peripheral ethnic groups, other ethnic groups, different ethnic

· World the formation → form a world of its own

- King, Emperor → top of those in power

- princes → local authorities

· Aristocracy → influential people from the previous

- samurai, knight → military personnel (armed government employers)

- civilian → unarmed government employers

· Farmers → farmers

- Funo → economic force some farmers

- poor farmers → economic power not farmers

And citizens → city residents

- people → general public

- dynasty, the kingdom → State (blood, pedigree domination)

- Manor → (legacy) Agricultural territory management

- proper noun → or omitted generalization (also leave in parentheses)

- specific terms → as much as possible generalization

· Place name → domestic local-part regional, country, other countries, other regions of the world, the entire world

And religious name → own religion, its own sect - other religions, other denominations

· ● north, south, east, and west → ● of the peripheral portion

(Example of a proper noun)

· Ikuta → dispensed land

· Crusade → religious military action

[Reference] actual world history textbook contents of the general flounder (Yasuji Kimura, Sato Tsugidaka, Mio Kishimoto "detailed world history B" Yamakawa publishing company, the world B304, 2012 years, more)

-------from here------

Case 1 P.122 "large movement of the Germanic"

◎ of human large movement

● to ■ of the north, the earlier (before the 6th century) from ● people had settled widely. ● the sea coast and Hometown ◎ people, began to expand the force, while pressure to an adjacent direction the person ●. ◎ person to the next era (around after BC), ● spread to vast areas from the river ▲ to the sea throughout the coast, began to contact the existing huge national and border.

At that time of ◎ people are divided into dozens of tribes, each tribe had the authorities alone those in power and joint of several people of one person. There are higher-level privilege, medium, but each Identification difference without a subordinate human rights had already occurred, important decisions, there ● meeting is carried out in the whole congregation of adult men free man consisting identity of the people of the upper and middle It was. Agriculture and come more and more people become a means of major life and lack of arable land is this was the internal factors of the ethnic movement. For this reason, and become the next era (late of the huge nation), they are ● spread to the downstream area, junior officials of the huge country, mercenary, as peasants, became what many to emigrate to peacefully huge nation within. At the same time ◎ In the society of people has grown to the original in the summarized in a large tribe of the top authorities small tribe is a military leader.

Next era (4th century late), of racial ethnic groups of different systems ● person proceeds to adjacent areas beyond the river ●, ◎ is the people of the sect ● conquer the majority of the people, and even in the neighboring region ◎ people It weighed on a certain ▲ people. So ▲ people began to move to the ● year, the following year and moved to the existing huge national territory across the river ●. It other ◎ people tribes also started to move large-scale in the wake, began about ● over a year ◎ large movement of people. ◎ belongs to the people ● people after looting the capital of the ● year huge nation, was founded by moving to the area and ● area ●. ● people in the region ●, also ● people in the region ●, ● people was founded, respectively in the area ●. ● People over the island of ●, was built more than Union nation until later next era (9th century).

◎ movement of people ◎ of human movement, not just in the invasion by armed force, was a movement of the whole family.

On the other hand, ● people of racial ethnicity of another system, the top authorities in the next period (5th century the first half) ● has built another huge nation in ● regional center. But ● In the year ● fight, losing to another based on huge national ● halves and ◎ people of Allied adjacent, top authorities after the death of ●, the huge nation has collapsed. Some of this confusion, one half of the original huge national ● was destroyed in ● ◎ people of mercenary captain.

● people who escaped from the control of the under ● people of the top authorities ●, go to the peninsula ●, defeat of another, which was the original ● people of the State (pedigree rule), was founded here. ● year ● to last the nation (pedigree rule) ● was built in the region, the wave of ethnic exodus saw a prima facie termination. Indigenous ● People, today ●, ●, ●, and ● but was relegated to the peninsula, continued to keep the then still own culture.


Case 2 P140-141 "(Europe) establishment of the medieval city," "self-government and the citizens of the city."

Organize acquisition point of autonomy

(Below p140)

(City) residents, first, it had governed the protection of those in power (lord).

Trigger their industry (commerce and industry) are developed.

Against those in power, it began to seek freedom and autonomy from the authorities (lord) domination.

To defeat the powers that the (lord), was to establish a self-governing city-state.

Accredited from another authorities (emperor), won autonomy, was standing on the existing of the same status as the intermediate authorities (princes).

To produce a city alliance between the autonomous city-state.

(Below p141)

Surrounding the municipality around in the walls, and defense.

Free with no underlying human (serfs) it is, flowed for freedom.

Making administrative organizations on their own, it hits the autonomy.

Initially, large suppliers of scale, had a monopoly on municipal administration.

Another industry of suppliers our medium-sized is, dissatisfied, tissues were separated, while conflict with the suppliers who were before of municipal monopoly, began to realize the participation in the municipal administration.

(Top p142)

You can participate in the municipal administration, the only management, workers did not qualify for participation.

Administrative organization, prohibits the free competition, lined with fine regulation.

People with no qualifications other than the managers who can participate in the municipal administration, was shut out from the activity.

Status of the management layer was stable, but inhibited the free development of economy and technology.

Upper city residents, to finance authorities (emperor), was the right and left its position.

Upper city residents, began to graduates authorities (the Pope) from his own clan.

(In p141)

(Another type) city residents, was strong ties with those in power (the king).

Along with the expansion of the power of the authorities, cities, and grow as a center of administration of those in power.

-------So far------

(4.2) Organize point

Clarify the organizing point for deriving the historical law from the extraction results.

At least, attention is paid to the following points.

(Organize example, with bird's-eye view of the whole world history textbook, it is obtained by extracting as universally seen matters.)

A force

A1 forces (expansion, prosperity, decline)

On the map, a certain momentum, for the group of people with the power, the expansion of its momentum, reduction, to describe the types and causes of the rise and fall.

As a collection of people,

, Ethnicity, race


- such as corporate organization

It will be mentioned.

In any cause, forces stretched, and prosperity, and decline, a description about what was destroyed.

By their momentum you may want to zoom in, zoom out, explaining that it is a bad thing and destruction.

How ●, extending the power, and prosperity, it can maintain its prosperity, about what Tachinaoreru from the decline, given the history of knowledge.

■ organize example conditions of prosperity

· (Commercial)

 - trade, it is easy to trade. Is a key junction of traffic, it is easy to open the market (China Northern Song Dynasty capital opening, etc.).

- (securing of resources)

 - minerals their territory, have been abundantly retain useful resources such as oil, to them resources can be easily mined.

 - that their culture is suitable for cultivation of plants (rice, wheat, etc.).

 - that their culture is, breeding animals (livestock), it is suitable for fish fishing and aquaculture.

- (crafts)

 - be a useful tool (hardware, software, product) is its own people that there is a production capability of a lot.

 - arts and crafts made in the sale, literary, that its own people is a lot that there is ability to create, such as music.

- (ensure information)

 - new, important information, the news available, that you are in the outgoing and easy to position.

- (securing of motivation)

 - willing to be the motivation easy to have is own people to work (that effort is rewarded society).

- (securing of change)

 - own people is, proceed to was no direction until now, to challenge, to be a change (stagnation, loosening of prevention) proactively easy things.

B interests

B1 interests (resources, territory, human resources ...)

If you have help in their lives improve the level of owner (people), living resources to bring a variety of benefits required upon going, supplies and human resources, and territory, type of its benefits, features will be described.

Of interest

And acquisition, take

And maintain

And disappearance

Of opportunity, to describe the types, etc. of taken the policy content.

● or easy to obtain the rights and interests and to what kind of wind, giving the history of knowledge about what tends to protect (or easy to lose).

■ acquisition of organizing example interests 

(Acquisition of interests)

· The whereabouts of interest, with the discovery of their interests, become inventors, as a predecessor, while unnoticed rivals and territory of all with a collar yourself.

· Armed, using a diplomatic force, to capture the rival that has already secured the rights and interests, to intercept.

B2 invasion

And the cause of the aggression takes place, a description will be given of the progress process.

The cause, for example,

Is the side: in spite of holding the vested interests such as abundant natural resources, military power, armed weak

To the side: society has stuck a slump, because of its breakthrough, put an eye on the interests of other countries. Alternatively, the newly rise the forces, in order to further expansion, put an eye on the existing interests take.

The contents of etc. will be described.

How advanced the invasion, how to defense the invasion of other countries, a description will be given of the know-how.

● if you can take the interests of other countries if, if need not be pre-empted the rights and interests in other countries if, given the history of knowledge.

■ Abduction organize example interests, maintain

(Interests dash)

- by using the mighty armed, attacked the other countries, which is the current interest holder, by fall, take away the rights and interests.

- using a clever diplomatic force, it cornered the other countries, which is the current interest holders, be to give in to eliminate the escape, take away the rights and interests.

- by using the ample funds force, approached the interests sold to other countries, which is the current interest holders, purchase interests.

(Interests maintained)

- self-defense, using the armed forces of the counteroffensive, contain the other countries of attacks targeting the country interests.

- by making full use of diplomatic force, it contains the strategic exercise of other countries aiming their own interests. So as not to be cornered in other countries, escape, keep surely prepare the room.

And economically with distressed, as need not Uriwatasa other countries their own interests, previously reliably prepare reserves financially.

C dominated regime

C1 domination

In Toka state, ruling the relationship of the ruling is how constructed, maintained, fluctuation, or explained disappeared.

Do what type of person who has reigned as the dominant layer, to explain why the rule was over a long period of time, or that ended in short-term.

● How can become a ruler if, given the history of knowledge about whether you can prolong the rule if.

■ organize example domination

(Tips to become a ruler)

- in the society, to ensure the whereabouts (base) to be their base.

· Agree to their own actions, co-workers who will advise, to ensure friends, the chief of staff.

Jiang called well go if, to ensure my own strategy, a vision.

- me become a breakwater patron, to ensure the influential people and the like.

- their possible to ensure the people who us to Jackal to (be like us working voluntarily).

- their so as to be able to compete with the go who on, constantly to brush the ability.

(Tips of domination prolonged)

• When once dominated by stable, it continues to retain its state, so as not to move too much. To establish the system.

- so that rebellion does not occur,

  - their own people to be satisfied with life surface, continue to avoid being dissatisfied.

    + Perform the dole at the economics of to its own people as appropriate.

  - to suppress the dissatisfaction with the own people's internal affairs.

    + Armed, to develop a police force, police always the person who rebellious. To take advantage of the lesson.

  - degassing the dissatisfaction with the own people's internal affairs.

    + Own country to create a virtual enemy, to direct the attention of their own people in there.

· Country quickly perceive the changes in the situation surrounding, agile the society of change in response to it, it continues to carry out (or, to the pretend).

C2 system, confusion

National Toka mechanisms, are constructed system how is, is maintained, fluctuation, or will be described disappeared.

About what social mechanisms have been caused or was accepted by the people, or harassment is rebellion, on the basis of the examples will be described with typed for that reason.

What kind of society is confused because, whether the confusion has subsided, will be described with typed.

● give to their society turns well, the history of knowledge about what kind of mechanism should make a.

■ prevention of organized example confusion

And disasters (natural disasters, man-made disasters) prevention of, bear in mind the rapid response after that happened.

 Disaster (natural disasters, man-made disasters) so that society is not to be confused with,

  + In advance to ensure the generation simulation.

  After + I awake, for the time being or to recover, perform a new maintenance, ground leveling. Quickly develop a plan, put into practice. 

· Own people to deal so as not to cause psychological confusion.

 - so that policy does not become unsettled course of action, watch out.

 - so that policy is not too harsh for its own people, watch out.

D life

D1 wealth and poverty

What if, what kind of process in the country and people become rich, or either fell into poverty, or has escaped from poverty, its causes, to explain why.

Why economic disparity between people, income inequality is born, expanded, or began to shrink, described the cause, reason about.

● How do the rich to become if, or get out of poverty, give the history of knowledge about what Nakuseru disparities.

■ way to become organize example wealthy


It acquired the wear-earning capacity in the new study.

· To congenital easier to discover the gifted.

(Take advantage of the rival)

· Acquire competitive with rivals.

 - obtained by the secret investigation the know-how of the rival, so catch up.

 - to discover their own know-how that does not have a rival, to practical use.

■ way to eliminate organize example gap

(Eliminate the disparities)

- who went to the top but nothing you're lazy without, and are just wrong thing, immediately creating a fell easy social system underneath. Maintenance of vested interests who, less likely to immobilization.

- Even once it fell, if there is effort and talent, make up easy social system easily crawl.

The social, and stir from time to time, carry out the metabolism.

D2 freedom, rights and tyranny

In any process, people are free, you got the right, got freedom, or to maintain the right, about what was lost will be explained.

In what process, or oppressive occurs, it How did subsequently be described how is overcome by.

● point

- What freedom if, to earn the right, or can be maintained

- What do you want to do when the long-awaited obtained free, or lose the right

- freedom from the people, effectively or Once you do to take away the rights of the very well

It gives the history of knowledge about.

■ organize example freedom of acquisition

(Freedom of acquisition)

 - admit their abilities around.

 - to get my place, territory, the specialized field.

 - to ensure their privacy. By, for example to provide a lock and key, creating a space that is not not enter the others.

 - my skills, plan a black box, and superiors also do not easily can mess around.

 - to self-defense with a weapon.

(Freedom of loss)

 - lose the ability to self-supporting.

 - lose my place, the turf. Their specialty is disabled.

 - lose their privacy. Forgive the intrusion of others.

 - your secret to technical information, planning information flows out to the outside.

 - lose a weapon of self-defense.

(Freedom of deprivation)

 - mighty armed surpass the personal self-defense far, with the police force. To exercise their power, personal privacy, confidential technology, to forcibly Ubaeru so.

 - build up social system, a dictatorship that can change the fate of the individual to the mercy of their own.

(Example) Germany, Hitler's Nazism

 - to establish the licensing rights to the individual's actions.


Authorities (people of power side), the people of under control, to force it Someageru to my color, regarded as a testament to dominate.

(Example) pigtail forced to China and Qing Han Chinese

E change

E1 reform, reform (maintenance, innovation)

The social mechanisms, attempts to change in better shape (for them), contested each other of the way between the multiple forces, passage will be described.

Initiative to force type (conservative vs innovation, kind ... of the background of the occupation) of the gripping of the change and will be explained how the seized the initiative of change in the.

Change is, reform, or innovative of, or Restoration of the, they are in any cause, described what occurred in the origin what type of person - population.

Proceeds as any change in the process, success in any cause, failed or will be described.

● give the history of knowledge about how can change successfully the structure of society if.

■ classification of organizing example reform

And Social upper part (power, layer with a capital) is either caused, or the lower part (the workers, there is no layer of assets) was raised

Type (innovation) or enters a new area not to until now, or, or type (maintenance) to return to the place was Motoi

· Voluntary, spontaneous, endogenous specific or not, or, or those that have been forced from the outside other forces (other countries, etc.)

- or accepted by the people, or, were no complaints, or was rejected

 - or not to release the people freely, or, or not to force the resignation was more bound

 - or not to enrich the lives of people, or, or not to be poor

E2 rebellion, revolution

Revolt, social problem that causes the revolution occurs (poverty, tyranny, oppression) and the rebellion, the process of revolution proceeds will be explained.

- What kind of revolt has expanded beginning in the form, or the leaders was what type

-Dominated side is how it was moved to the firefighters, how the rebellion has been pacified

Of-system subversion has been how to take place

And results of the revolution, or followed the traditional ruling is what kind of fate, how the ruling was reversed

Described in the form of law.

● How overthrew the existing problems often ruling if, give new force, the history of knowledge about what can be established regime.

■ cause of organizing example rebellion


(1) inadequate

(2) lack of leadership

It is in.

(1) inadequate

(Low status, poor handling)

* Compared to the up to now, status is lower, the treatment was worse. It remains low status, while handling is poor.

(Low living standards, poverty)

* Standard of living is lower, remains low (life is painful, dissatisfaction)

 - natural disasters (storm and flood damage, volcanic eruptions ...) Antiquities destruction by, growth due to bad weather such as poor

 - exploitation by superiors

* Antiquities destruction caused by war


* Too strong order. Oppression, tyranny. Tightening too much. Freedom is not.


* Fraud rampant. Mom the mercy of bad law.

(2) lack of leadership

(Non-police state)

* Too weak order. Confusion, anomie. Own way to do unlimited. Faire.

* Superiors is unreliable. There is no leadership. There is an exploitable gap.

■ shift from organizing example subordinates to superiors

The leaders of the rebellion (central figure in the lower force) is changed to the authorities (superiors).

History repeats itself (also born leader of a new rebellion).

(Example) dynasty change in China

■ power in organizing example Dominion structure

Even if won autonomy from external authorities, in turn, its Dominion in possession of at - it is inevitable that dependency (vertical relationship between members) is generated.

(Example) medieval European cities autonomy

F leaders

Led-rebellion, a revolution

And build a system, to maintain


Leader individual in society (the king, the prime minister, the president ...) - collective organization (government, central government agencies ...) for the type of the description.


- human nature grasp of technique

· Intelligence of way

- motility, the ability to execute the way

Background to become social hierarchy

For the like, it will be described with typed.

● What type of person is to become a leader to leave a name in history, in his will to the leaders give the knowledge of how may I mean to learn what kind of qualities.

■ organize example (historical) leaders of conditions

* When you eliminate the frustration promise to the people

*There is leadership

* Initiative to be executed (or their own move, move the others)

* Aggregating the wishes of the people (find the drop locations) have the ability

* Be able to mobilize the human resources (Moteru a large number of advocates)

 - the assertion contents are agreed easy

 - the personality, easy personality is attracted (warm, athletic). Cruel but (scared) can not be rejected.

G Cultural Arts and Sciences

Thinking and ideas has been that there is a value up to now, what kind of things or in their implementation, will be described with typed.

Why human beings has been a valuable are those things, human senses, perception, memory, the relationship between the way of emotion (the mechanism of the brain), described classification to.

For related of them were born with the natural environment climate, it described classification to.

■ organize example history to remain culture, art, science, technology

* Not to until now, has opened a new frontier original (Darwinian evolution)

* And to hone Toka technology of the up to now, was highly completed (ceramics in Jingdezhen)

* It was multiplied by the crotch in various fields culmination (writing of China Shiji)

H religion

Until now, what kind of transcendental person (God) is classified or have been sought by human beings, for each type will be described together with the cause of the rise and fall.

(Monotheism, polytheism, etc.)

Why that type of transcendental person (God) came sought in the past, explain why.

■ there qualities that are required to organize example transcendental person

• When in doubt on the road, the presence that will point to the right path, the way to stop by.

· Us to accept the truth of their own, the presence that will encompass.

Weak will protect myself, me strongly, there gives us the power.

· Wrong present us to correct myself.

And disasters, there will protect themselves from misfortune.

(5) the extracted history parts

(5.1) The Rise and Fall of the root of the force, course

Force = "individual, group-groups, factions, enterprise, national, ethnic", and the like.

State management consults and ethnic management, the similarity of the corporate management.

Each course, for each route, why the course, whether the route has occurred, perform the multiplying of the factors that cause.

Systematization of history, to allow the possibility of the bird's-eye view.

Is determined in advance the target entity to follow the course. Subject of the candidate (● country, ● ethnic, ● faction, ● company, ● advocates, those in power - its pedigree, successor ●, management - its pedigree, successor ●, the general public ●). ● To enter the actual proper noun.

------from here

(Basically flows from top to bottom)

(Repetition of course, skip, there is circulation.)

□ PW (Power) -

[1. occurrence]

A1. Occurrence, formation, establishment (and come up with individual ideas, sympathizer and planning, causing a business (often a dissident))

A2. Rise (new entrant was planning, business goes well)

[2. growth]

A3. Growth (planning, business is going to extend gradually)

A4. Development (planning, is gradually widely deployed business)

[3. rising]

A5. Growing power (planning and business, resonance who do it, force of its own population increases)

A5b. Extension (planning, business bulge larger, spread)

A6. Jianguo (mechanism of as their own nation, put in place the legislation, etc., to appeal this to the inside and outside)

A7. Autonomy (at a distance from the big powers that be around, to establish thought the road to prosperity for the time being by themselves)

A7b. Independence (to discharge the influence from the periphery of the authorities, achieve independence in their own power)

[4. Attacks

B1. Movement (trying to find the best of more conditions, move from the position you are now)

B2. Intrusion (but already there are others, enters the condition good position)

B3. Pressure (already are others, psychological, social apply pressure)

C1. Collision (the existing forces and skirmish)

C2. War (enter the large-scale combat with the existing force)

[5. deprivation, defense]

C3a. Revolution (overturned the existing rule system, converted into their own a new ruler)

C3b. Restoration, recoil (the previous governing system, revive again)

C3c. Coup (in the surprise attack by force, illegally to take the regime)

C3d. Takeover (as they take advantage form the lower part of the existing system, emerging forces get to the top spot)

C3e. Defense, defense, blocking (to prevent the attempt of subversive by the emerging forces, to maintain the previous rule system)

[6. summit]

D1. Victory (in the battle, decisively be advantageous, to surrender to beat the opponent)

D2. Settlement, migration (moving to good land of the newly deprived conditions from the existing force)

D3. Acquisitions (resource drilling or the like, and an interest to be advantageous to have in my things)

D4a. Acquisitions, combined (swallow together with the other party to your original)

D4b. (The opponent) annihilate (thoroughly destroy the opponent that do not comply)

D4c. Occupation (military force the territory of the other party, let's say things to the financial strength to your stuff)

D4da. Colonization (and placed under their own power, drawing up their own interests from the original others of the territory)

D4db. Country of, (a former others territory in my things) owned

D4dc. Unification (the various forces that had been number of powerful, to unify and to his original)

D4e. Domination (to dominate the opponent, work smb. Hard the opponent)

D4f. Exploitation (from dominating Men, to my things siphoned off profits)

[7. cum]

E1. Prosperity (force is thriving, it continues to maintain its state)

E2. Monopoly, oligopoly (interests, etc., not repel others, to be available by themselves)

E3. Surplus (and prosperity, balance to maintain a positive state)

F1. Interests maintain (continues to hold the interest obtained)

F2. Union, alliance, cooperation (achieving consensus and other large forces, is going to move in together)

[8. descent]

G1. Corruption (such as bribery is rampant in force, causing dysfunction)

G2. Turbulence (and disturbed law and order, each is to arbitrarily behavior)

G3. Division (out differences of opinion inside, it becomes difficult to maintain the unity)

H1. Obscuration (force loses its former brilliance, decreases in the amount of force plane)

H2. Deficit (balance of payments is falling into a negative state)

H3. Decline (force declines)

[9 Advanced maintenance, attempt re-rise]

I1. Reform (and corruption within the force, and revamped the part that has become useless, and leaps to a new prosperity)

I2. Rebuilding (attempts to return decline was force to once again based on, and bring back prosperity)

I3. Defense, defense, blocking (to prevent the attempt of regime overthrow by enemy forces, trying to maintain the previous rule system) (C3e.)

[10. degenerate]

J1. Let go of interests (become painful financially, etc., the interest that had, let go to other forces)

J2. Sale (become painful financially, etc., the assets had, let go to other forces)

J3. Reduction (force is reduced)

K1. Defeat (losing a battle with other forces)

K2. Escape (where lived until now, run away from the place that had been residence)

[11. Exit]

L1. Ruin, bankruptcy (business, population no longer Tachiyuka, and dissolution, fall apart)

L2. Destruction, collapse (collapse is a mechanism built with their own, no)

[12. lower bound (life in)]

M1. Controlled (subject to domination, turn to the side to be used)

M2. Resistance, rebellion, revolt (against the rulers, take action that indicates the contrary intention)

(A. Back to)

(Make a major factor for each of the each item.)

----So far

In the above rule, the strength of the force, at the level of the position to form an inverted U-.

The first small, low status, to rise gradually larger, breaking the existing forces, but enters the heyday, then, loose Taga, reform was carried out several times, rally, but gradually weaken the force go, losing to another emerging power that has been with the force, return to again present small, repeated and of. When the middle of reform is successful, there may be able to maintain the status and power.

Series of movements can be Mitateru climbing (~ Shimoyama) (climbing model).

Course example) Taiping Rebellion (the late 19th century, East of China (reference Yamakawa publishing company detailed world history B 2012 year P.298)


M1. Controlled (farmers layer was dominated by Qing)

→ M2. Resistance (it was growing dissatisfaction with the Qing Dynasty tyranny)

→ A1. Occurrence (Hong Xiuquan was recruited fellow referred to as the brother of himself Christ)

→ A2. Rise (high Adonai Association)

→ A3. Growth

→ A4. Development

→ A5b. Extension

→ A6. Jianguo (founded the Taiping)

→ C1. Collision (the Qing Dynasty)

→ D1. Victory

→ D4c. Occupation (was referred to as TenKyo Nanjing)

→ G2. Turbulence (infighting)

→ C1. Collision (and Qing Han Chinese bureaucrats Goisamu et al.)

→ K1. Defeat

→ K2. Escape

→ C1. Collision (other countries of the Ever Victorious Army, et al. And)

→ K1. Defeat

→ L1. (In ringleader executions) destruction

→ M1. (Of survivors, existing authorities = by the Qing Dynasty and other countries) a controlled

(5.2) cultural development of the route, course

Science, technology, art, art improvements, development, obsolete so as traced by step-by-step.

(Basically flows from top to bottom)

(Repetition of course, skip, there circulation)

□ CL (Culture) -

[1. groping in the dark]

A1. Exploration, adventure (unexplored, try challenged to an unknown area)

A2. Experiment, research, (try various whether there is any thing to go well) trial and error

[2. The discovery of Guangming]

B1. Ingenious invention, discovery (find a beneficial event is not until now)

[3. rising]

C1. Improvements (discoveries, the invention the subject, changing to a more using easy form for them)

[4. summit]

D1. Complete, perfect reduction (to the point where there is no room for improvement more, polish up the subject)

D2. Culmination (put together into one finished product to each other in different fields)

[5. acquisition of fame]

E1. Spread (spread widely among the people, the epidemic)

E2. Propagation (country that did not know until now, transmitted to the people of the original)

[6. descent]

F1. Obsolescence, obsolescence (another new discovery, by the inventors, lose the shine)

F2. Not used (used is no longer)

[7. Exit]

G1. Oblivion (go forgotten from the memory of the people)

G2. Annihilation (disappear from the market, etc.)

[8. Save]

H1. Heritage, ruins of (become a thing of the past, the museum-filled, etc.)

Series of movements can be Mitateru climbing (~ Shimoyama) (climbing model).

Course example) airplane

(Yamakawa publisher detailed world history B p410 "of science and technology century" than)

A2. Research, trial and error

→ B1. Invention (the Wright brothers early 20th century)

→ D1. Complete

→ C1. Improvement (in the diversion the First World War to the military aircraft)

→ D1. Complete

→ E1. Spread

→ F1. Obsolescence, obsolescence

→ B1. Invention (during the development of jet aircraft World War II)

→ D1. Complete → E1. Spread

→ F1. Obsolescence, obsolescence

→ C1. Improvement (after the corresponding Second World War to the development of the jumbo jet private mass transit)

→ D1. Completion, perfection of

(5.3.1) the law of progress

The following incidents, advancement of human history, move towards progress.

To organize the cases to change the direction in which the well depending on the era, reveal whether to allow the forecast of the future of history, it is sufficient to expect what kind of future.

(Back, there is stagnation)

□ PG (Progress) -

(Reference Yamakawa publishing company detailed world history B 2012 year P.278 19 century Western culture, ibid P.410 features of modern civilization)

A1. Improvement of survival, living standards (environmental adaptation level)

B1. Enlargement of viable world region of the human race (Earth exploration, space expansion, etc.)

C1. H, improving the space efficiency (performance) (speed of the car)

D1. Social division of labor, the development of specialization

E1. Resource procurement, development of distribution techniques (iron ore, petroleum)

F1. Network development of (any of the people is to be accessible to the public information)

G1. Capital, accumulation of infrastructure (life that is rich)

H1. Improvement of the degrees of freedom (living, in interpersonal relationships, etc.)

(5.3.2) the law of recession

When occurs the following cases, humans historically to retreat.

To organize the cases to changes in the direction worse depending on the era, to enable the prediction of the future of history, reveal should avoid any future.

□ R (Regression) -

A1. Depletion of finite resources (oil, metals, food, water depletion)

B1. Deterioration of survival environment (carbon dioxide increase and global warming, etc.)

(Example) environmental problems of the world (Yamakawa publishing company detailed world history B 2012 year P.412)

C1. Descendants of depletion (aging population of Japan and China, plague and simultaneous death due to lack of food)

(Example) food of the world crisis (Yamakawa publishing company detailed world history B 2012 year P.417)

D1. Human now to the subject of more than capacity, the emergence of events (radioactive contamination, huge meteorite, huge typhoons, earthquakes, new infectious disease of high mortality)

(Example) epidemic of medieval Europe of the plague (Yamakawa publishing company detailed world history B 2012 year P.142)

E1. Living increase in the gap (perish the country when the gap with a person poor and those rich in income to enlarge)

E2. Social hierarchy immobilization by rampant such as hereditary, stagnation of (when the turnover of the lower of the upper hierarchy who is no longer perish the country)

F1. Freedom of loss (bureaucracy, the progress of those in power rule by force)

(Example) Emperor centralization of the Roman Empire the end (Yamakawa publishing company detailed world history B 2012 years P.46)

G1. Rampant of precedent followed and unadventurous thinking, reduction of exploration practice of the unknown